LAI Tsz-him is a PhD student in Religion and Society at the Theological School of Drew University. He holds a Master in Theological Studies from Boston University and a Master of Divinity from the Chinese University of Hong Kong. He has presented papers on anti-totalitarianism, the civil rights movement, and Hong Kong theology at the American Academy of Religion and other conferences.
The coexistence of numerous means of resistance in Hong Kong underscores the limitations of the violent/nonviolent dichotomy, pointing out that achieving social change is not either peaceful or militant but can be both, depending on the context. It also raises questions to Christian theologians and ethicists regarding the justification (or perhaps critique) of coexistent ways of resistance in facing authoritarian regimes.