Michael D. McNally is the John M. and Elizabeth W. Musser Professor of Religion at Carleton College (MN). McNally is author of Ojibwe Singers: Hymns, Grief and a Native Culture in Motion (Oxford U Press 2000) and Honoring Elders: Age, Authority, and Ojibwe Religion (Columbia U. Press, 2009). This piece is adapted from a book tentatively entitled, Defend the Sacred: Native American Religious Freedom Beyond the First Amendment, forthcoming from Princeton U. Press.