Helder Camara’s term for structural oppression, revolutionary violence, and repressive crackdown (Camara, 1971). Structural oppression includes what Martin Luther King called the giant triplets of racism, materialism, and militarism; what Wendell Berry called the shibboleths of globalization, free trade, and the new world order (Berry, 1991, p. 9); and what Cornel West called the three threats to democracy: free-market fundamentalism, aggressive militarism, and escalating authoritarianism (West, 2004).
Jonathan McRay grew up in the Appalachian Mountains of East Tennessee. He has worked in Palestine as a journalist, in nonviolent direct action, with a center for developmentally disabled youth, and is the author of You Have Heard It Said: Events of Reconciliation. Additionally, he worked with a resource center and community farm in Mozambique. He has a BA in English Literature and Language and an MA in Conflict Transformation (with emphases in restorative justice and community development). He and his wife Rachelle, a PA student, currently live with friends on a permaculture homestead in the Shenandoah River watershed, where he also works with New Community Project, a sustainable education center and demonstration site; a supportive home for friends struggling with addictions, homelessness, and abusive relationships; and a project incubator to hatch local action for justice and resilience.
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