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Law and Political Obligations

History

“What do I owe my fellow citizens whose conscience reaches different conclusions than my own?”

Is there a conversation around political theology (as concept, field, method, or however you understand it) from the past twenty years that continues to fascinate you?

I am still very interested in the general question how religious believers ought to conduct themselves with respect to political engagement in the public square in secular, pluralistic societies. We have not found a successful approach that balances the many legitimate concerns. Two decades ago, John Rawls’s notion of public reason was heavily criticized for requiring herculean translation efforts on the part of believers, while secularists could essentially speak their own natural language. Today, the relevant discussion has moved from seminar rooms to court rooms. Believers press their cases in the courts, arguing that their right to religious liberty protects individual and corporate objects to covering contraception, facilitating same-sex weddings. I think that we are at an impasse today because the discussion is too focused on rights. I would like to see people ask, from within their own religious and moral frameworks: “What do I owe my fellow citizens whose conscience reaches different conclusions than my own?”

What conversations working with the concept of political theology do you find most fruitful today?

I find myself increasingly interested in questions of comparative religious law and comparative political theology. I think comparatively examining how Judaism, Christianity, and Islam understand the nature of law and political obligations is a fascinating task. I am particularly interested in questions of secularism, especially how “secularity” is understood differently in societies that were dominated by different religious traditions.

Where do you hope to see discussions of political theology in 20 years?

I work in both a law school and in a theology department. I would like to see the discussions of law and religion, which are centered mainly in law schools, more integrated with the discussions in political theology centered in departments of religious studies and theology. On the one hand, the law and religion discussions sorely need the nuance, insight, and historical perspective of scholars trained in religious traditions. On the other hand, the discussions in political theology, in my view, would benefit from considering the more concrete and specific issues raised by the lawyers, especially when it comes to the nitty-gritty questions of how we should live together.

20 years, 3 Questions

Symposium Essays

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The Bible and Politics

The narrow formulation of the concept of Political Theology as the tracing of Protestant theological categories in contemporary political thought presents some challenge for the historically oriented biblical scholar.

Gil Anidjar

Reflection on the Ongoing Catastrophe

I cannot say that I hope for more discussions of political theology in 20 years. But I do hope for the endurance of conversation, indeed, for the preservation of the art and wisdom of conversation.

Rubén Rosario Rodríguez

The “New” New: Challenging Political and Public Theology

Rather than understanding political theology as a single school of thought, I seek to define political theology as a more inclusive category by looking at the rich historical resources within each of the Abrahamic religions that help each tradition unpack the complex relationship between the political and theological spheres

M. Shawn Copeland

Wider and Deeper Analysis

While political theology must possess planetary (global) concerns, it must work locally and collaborate across locales to further understanding, decision, and action to meet those concerns.

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Contextual crisis analysis

The question for us, and for the field of political theology, is how do we wish to live in the end?

Danube Johnson

Political Theology and Political Crisis

It seems like an important task of political theology is to critically reflect on moments of political crisis by pulling back the veil on its latent theological content.

Law and Political Obligations

“What do I owe my fellow citizens whose conscience reaches different conclusions than my own?”

Faisal Devji

Political Theology in the Absence of Authority

How might we think about political theology in the absence of conventional scriptural, interpretive or institutional authorities together with their conceptual worlds?

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Political Theology, Public Life, and Economic Structures

We are currently seeing folks pause to reflect both on what has historically counted as “political theology” and the ways in which those evaluate norms and frameworks need to shift moving forward.

Aristotle Papanikolaou

Practices and Pluralism

Political theology needs to talk more about the role of religion in liberal democratic spaces such that those spaces are constituted as radically pluralistic.

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